Blockchain Tech Could Be A Powerful Tool To Revolutionize Green Finance – Modern Diplomacy

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As the urgency for solutions to climate change grows, so too does the need for traceable and transparent data for monitoring and measuring its impact. Blockchain technology may offer this solution.
Blockchain can help a bank or brokerage digitally monitor the proceeds of green investments in a transparent manner, so investors can verify not just the growth but the environmental impact of their investments. Blockchains security, immutability and irreproducibility all provide investors greater confidence in the bank or brokerage delivering this information and recommending or managing these green assets.
The innovation of blockchain tech introduces the possibility of green crypto, green NFTs and a host of other green digital assets. Many Bitcoin miners, for example, are using renewable energy to power the so-called Proof-of-Work method known to drain environmental resources; others are switching to the more sustainable and less environmentally impactful Proof-of-Stake method. Packaging digital assets like these that are put together purely with verifiable environmental sustainable practices could fuel the green economy with greater injections of funds.
Other ways blockchain can facilitate the advent of new green financial products is to package the returns of environmental financial products with those of other instruments and debt applied to financing environmentally friendly assets, and to do so entirely digitally. In other words, in the returns generated from a traditional asset or instrument, combine green assets with the typical dividends and distributions. This will simultaneously build up investment in green finance while allowing a greater pool of investors to dip their toes in the water of green investing and, thereby, further diversify their own portfolios.
By monitoring, verifying and reporting on assets all digitally and offering environmentally friendly financial products combined with other tokenized instruments, it allows for diversified returns and proof of environmental impact in one.
No longer are purchasing renewable energy certificates sufficient to satiate regulators and green investors looking for proof of climate sustainability in a businesses processes and practices. Blockchain tech can meticulously time-match how much renewable energy a distributor generates with the energy the consumer uses. This can provide greater transparency and confirmation that companies avowing to achieve carbon neutrality are actually achieving it, or the rate at which they’re working toward it.
The blockchain also offers total transparency and decentralization to ESG-linked financial instruments, and ESG-linked financing will also become increasingly digitized in the blockchain as time goes on. Now, these products, like ESG-linked bonds and loans, can deliver returns automatically to the holder rather than siphoning them to an intermediary first.
Distributed ledger technology allows companies to provide indisputable proof to investors, vendors and regulators of their commitment and progress toward meeting voluntary carbon neutrality goals or complying with mandated Paris Agreement guidelines. These will come in the form of online meta-registries, both regional and global, where all transactions both cross-border and in-country involving renewable energy certificates, carbon credits and other green finance elements are recorded, tracked and managed in one place accessible from all places, including across worldwide registry systems and independent carbon markets.  
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The International Labour Organization (ILO) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) have signed a new agreement to advance decent work and encourage a human-centred recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic in the aviation industry.

The agreement, signed by the ILO Director-General, Guy Ryder and the President of the ICAO Council, Salvatore Sciacchitano, updates the 1953 Memorandum of Understanding  concerning the possible establishment of a joint aviation commission.

It follows a request made by ILO constituents during the 2013 Global Dialogue Forum on the Effects of the Global Economic Crisis on the Civil Aviation Industry  to revamp cooperation between the two agencies.

The need for closer cooperation was exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic , which hit the aviation industry harder than many other sectors.

This agreement will help to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development  targets, especially the promotion of women in aviation, data collection and decent and sustainable work in the sector. It will also lead to joint activities, including research, technical meetings, advisory services, training, and the development of guidelines, tools and methodologies.

“The agreement is very timely in view of the serious challenges the pandemic has caused for workers’ rights in the aviation sector,” said Ryder. “The ILO looks forward to working with our colleagues at ICAO to combat the effects of the pandemic and to build a socially sustainable recovery and decent work in the sector.”

“ICAO’s conclusion of this agreement with the ILO responds to the ICAO Assembly’s Resolutions on the UN Agenda 2030 SDGs and gender equality, which call for new partnerships within the UN system in support of enhancing aviation’s contributions to sustainable development, and for the demonstration of strong, determined leadership and commitment towards advancing women’s rights,” Sciacchitano said.

Under the terms of the agreement on mutual representation, the ILO and the ICAO will each invite representatives of the other organization to participate in its meetings, in accordance with their respective rules. In addition, they will consult with each other on a regular basis to exchange views on matters of common concern and interest. The agreement will run for five years and is renewable.

An ILO Technical meeting on a green, sustainable and inclusive economic recovery for the civil aviation sector will take place between 2022 – 2023.
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Securing a successful career in the largest financial market requires the right approach, a proven strategy, proper research and knowledge regarding the market. However, as a beginner in this domain, apart from choosing the best forex brokers determine the amount of time you will be able to invest to reach your financial objectives. Deciding whether short-term trading or long-term investing would suit your preference and availability can help you gain better clarity regarding modifying your existing strategy, tools and approach. 
Basic definitions of short-term trading and long-term investing
The amount of time invested in the forex market determines if one is a trader or investor. Short-time trading involves entering and exiting positions every day – trading currencies that tend to last a few minutes to even seconds. The primary profit objective in short-term trading is to take benefit of the market fluctuations within a brief span of time.
Long-term investing, on the other hand, focuses on opening trades for a much longer span of time. Where in short-term trading the approach revolves around the buy-and-sell technique, in long-term investing it’s more likely a buy-and-hold approach. 
While ‘time’ is the most obvious factor that differentiates the two approaches, there are other aspects including skills, required capital, personality traits, potential gains to take into account when deciding which approach to adopt. However, both of the trading approaches are profitable in their own way. Day trading focuses on profiting from smaller gains from constant market fluctuations and demands the market participant to be attentive and vigilant. Long-term investing focuses on generating a source of passive income and eventually wealth generation in the long run. 
The personality trait of the market participant varies subsequently when determining the right approach for them. When it comes to day trading one must possess the skill of being vigilant and keeping an eye on the market in order to gain profits from the price fluctuations.
Long-term investors, on the contrary, need to stay patient even when the market is going against them – since their objective is to gain profits in the long run. Irrespective of the type of trading approach, it requires one to conduct thorough knowledge of the market and a tried-and-tested strategy in order to be successful in FX. 
Investing for the long term offers less exposure to risk and the possibility to lose capital for the investor. In investing you may minimize the risk associated with the market fluctuations. An investor may earn greater returns over a certain period of time and lets you invest a relatively smaller amount of investments at a time. 
In day trading, the monthly gains can be higher but so is the risk associated with it. Since day traders make a profit from the minor price fluctuations, day traders need to invest a substantial amount of capital in order to generate sound profit. The risk factor increases here since the trade can also go against your favour which then leads to a loss. 
Since day trading requires initiating and executing multiple trades in a single day, the brokerage commission plays a crucial role for day traders. This is also something to take into account when choosing a broker for them as well. For long–term investors such factors rather come insignificant since such types of market participants prefer to buy and hold a position for a longer period. 
The primary objective of any type of trading approach comes down to profit potentiality. Long-term investing results in generating a substantial amount of profit without impacting much on the performance or risking your capital. Even if the profitability of day trading is much higher, the risk potential also increases simultaneously. A day trader can make up to 3% profit on their capital a day which turns around as high as 10-60%. Long-term investors, on the other hand, can expect an average of 10% overall. 
Conclusion 
Investing in forex involves diverse strategies that are short-term or long-term specific. However, a clear understanding of both approaches can help you to make the right trading judgments and thrive in the market.
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A worldwide outcry has been caused by Russia’s recognition of the DLPR, which has triggered the first batch of sanctions. Russia’s domestic markets are closed for a national holiday, but offshore trade reveals that Russian USD debt continues to fall. A look at how other markets have reacted to Ukraine’s recent events
Russia has recognized the Donetsk and Lugansk People’s Republics (DLPR) as independent states in eastern Ukraine and inked agreements on social, economic, and military cooperation with them. In the event of an “external military danger,” Russia’s military may invade certain countries and take action. Russia has expressed optimism for a diplomatic settlement to the conflict in Ukraine’s eastern provinces of Donetsk and Luhansk. According to OSCE assessments, there have been several ceasefire breaches along the DLPR and Ukraine-controlled borders, although actual military engagement between the Russian and Ukrainian troops has not yet occurred.
With the exception of a few nations (Cuba, Nicaragua, Syria, and Venezuela), the worldwide reaction to DLPR was overwhelmingly unfavorable. The Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project was put on hold until further notice, foreign participation in Russian sovereign debt issued after March 1 was prohibited, and Russia’s two largest banks, Vnesheconombank (VEB) and Promsvyazbank, were hit with asset freezes and FX transaction cuts as a result of the sanctions. President Biden, on the other hand, made it clear that the steps revealed thus far are just the first step in a much larger process.
Congress is considering a bill that would allow the US government to suspend sanctions on up to 12 Russian financial entities in the event of additional escalation. Nine out of the 12 institutions on the list, according to our calculations, account for 70% of the FX balance sheet of Russian banks, while the individual size ranges from $1bn to $100bn. The FX balance sheets of the other three companies (including VEB and PSB) are not publicly available, although they are unlikely to be substantial.
FX markets seem to be pricing in more favorable results. Volatility in the FX options market decreased as a result of President Putin’s designation of new independent regions and Russian military incursions into the Donbas area. There has been a 6% drop in one-month volatility pricing for both the EUR/USD and the USD/JPY during the previous 36 hours. The FX market can only presume that the Russian intervention will be limited to this level. It is also worth mentioning, some of the experts predict that the forex trading taxes will increase for Russian investors who trade with Russia-based fx brokers, because of the current and the growing inflation rate. For obvious reasons, the relative performance of the foreign exchange market has been influenced by the closeness of countries and the reliance on energy imports (although the Japanese yen has outperformed here.)
Traded interest rates’ response to the present crisis has been mild when compared to the spike they’ve experienced since last summer. For example, 10-year Treasury rates, a safe-haven asset for many, are just 7.5 basis points below their top. Perhaps market players are too optimistic about how recently escalated tensions will affect the performance of risk assets and the economy as a whole.
The Russian rouble was initially unfazed by the new sanctions, but it is still vulnerable. The question of whether Russian FX swap curves begin to take counterparty risk into account will be a key one for the FX market. FX swaps for a currency that can be delivered should only have one FX swap curve. There is just a little difference in the estimated yields of one-month offshore RUB contracts at 13.6% against onshore contracts at 13.2% right now. This might extend much further if there are concerns about additional penalties.
Fears of an oil supply interruption due to the conflict in Ukraine sent crude prices surging over $100 a barrel for the first time since 2014, with Brent reaching $105. On Thursday, oil prices in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands jumped by 40 to 50 percent. Even though oil and gas prices dropped on Friday, investors’ nerves are still jangling.
Some of Russia’s largest oil customers had difficulty securing bank guarantees or finding ships to transport their petroleum from Russia in spite of Western sanctions on the country.
As the second-biggest oil producer in the world, Russia supplies Europe with around 35 percent of its natural gas and 50 percent of German gas needs.
Inflation-linked bonds – securities whose dividends grow in step with inflation – fueled a rush for the bonds.
Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities yields dipped this week, but breakevens jumped to 3%. Germany’s two-year real rates fell by roughly 30 basis points as European gas costs climbed, making the country susceptible. TIPS funds had their first net inflows in five weeks, according to statistics from the Bank of America.
As investors have been nervous about substantial central bank rate rises, Thursday’s market crash reduced the value of the global stock market by roughly $1 trillion and continued a decline in the main indexes that began this year.
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